Warning: "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break". Did you mean to use "continue 2"? in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/languages/LanguageConverter.php on line 718

Warning: "continue" targeting switch is equivalent to "break". Did you mean to use "continue 2"? in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/json/FormatJson.php on line 297

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 2 to Cite::checkRefsNoReferences() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to CiteHooks::onResourceLoaderRegisterModules() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195

Warning: Parameter 1 to Cite::clearState() expected to be a reference, value given in /nfs/c04/h01/mnt/181397/domains/mnbenchbook.org/html/includes/Hooks.php on line 195
DEFENDANT’S TESTIMONY THAT ANOTHER PERSON COMMITTED THE OFFENSE- ALTERNATIVE PERPETRATOR DEFENSE - MN Bench Book - Trial Procedures & Practices for Judges
 Actions

DEFENDANT’S TESTIMONY THAT ANOTHER PERSON COMMITTED THE OFFENSE- ALTERNATIVE PERPETRATOR DEFENSE

From MN Bench Book - Trial Procedures & Practices for Judges

1. If the defendant intends to testify that another person committed the offense, notice is required of the alternative-perpetrator defense under the criminal rules.
2. Minn. R. Crim. P. 9.02, subd. 1(3)(a) (2008), requires that the defendant inform the prosecutor of an intended defense other than that of not guilty . . . including but not limited to the defense of self-defense, entrapment, mental illness or deficiency, duress, alibi, double jeopardy, statute of limitations, collateral estoppel, defense under Minn. 5 Stat. § 609.035, or intoxication.
Although the alternative-perpetrator defense is not specifically listed in the rule, it is a defense “other than that of not guilty” and it is similar to the alibi defense, which is specifically listed as a defense requiring notice. (State v. Sailee A09-1844)
3. It is error for the district court to preclude the testimony (of the alternative perpetrator) without first considering alternative sanctions for violation of the rule.
4. In deciding whether or not to allow the defendant to offer alternative perpetrator testimony the trial court should take into account: (1) the reason why disclosure was not made; (2) the extent of prejudice to the opposing party; (3) the feasibility of rectifying that prejudice by a continuance; and (4) any other relevant factors. State v. Lindsey, 284 N.W.2d 368, 373 (Minn. 1979).