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RULINGS ON EVIDENCE - MN Bench Book - Trial Procedures & Practices for Judges
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RULINGS ON EVIDENCE

From MN Bench Book - Trial Procedures & Practices for Judges

A. Understands rules of evidence do not apply to deciding admissibility
B. Understand foundation.
C. Understand foundation objection.
Require attorney making successful foundation objection to state where foundation is lacking
D. Understand hearsay.
E. Understands Crawford issues
F. Understand chain of custody.
Distinguishes between fungible and unique or identifiable item
G. Understand use and admissibility of documents for:
Substantive evidence
Impeachment
Refreshing recollection
Past recollection recorded
Business record
H. Understand Judicial Notice.
I. Rule the same on similar objections.
J. Give a definite ruling on objection.
K. Limit describing thought processes that led to decision on objection.
L. If no grounds given by attorney, state grounds for record for sustaining objection.
M. Give cautionary instruction after objection to question and answer to it sustained.
N. Prohibit attorneys from thanking judge when objection sustained or overruled.